The Frogs of Costa Rica

Costa Rica borders Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the south in Central America. In Costa Rica, the weather is mostly warm, due to its location, which is the perfect environment for frogs. Costa Rica is home to about 149 different frog species, and each is unique in its own way. 

The rare species, Tree Frog

The Tree frog, Isthmohyla rivularis is one of the rarest animals in the entire world. This frog species has been classified as critically endangered as it has only been spotted once in the last 25 years. The tree frog was thought to be extinct but as of 2007 it was discovered that a single male frog in Costa Rica’s Monteverde Cloud forest a single male frog was still alive. 

The Kermit lookalike, Hyalinobatrachium Dianae

Hyalinobatrachium dianae, also known as the Kermit look alike, was discovered in Costa Rica in 2015. This frog species is the exact replica of Kermit the frog from the cartoon. The characteristics that make the frog look like Kermit are its eyes and bright, vibrant green color. The Hyalinobatrachium dianae frog’s eyes are unlike any other frog, they are white around their oval like black pupils. Kermit’s eyes were originally made out of ping pong balls and the dianae frog’s eyes closely resemble the same shape and colors. This frog species is also special for another reason, their skin. This frog is also commonly called Daine’s bare-hearted glass frog. The entire underside of the frog is clear, making the heart and other organs completely visible from the outside of the frog. 

The Red Eyed Tree frog

The Red Eyed Tree Frog has a green body with blue and white stripes near the underside of the frog. The frog’s feet are a bright yellow orange color, and of course what makes them so unique is their red eyes. This animal is so unique because of its eye-catching appearance. Its eyes are all red and have black narrow pupils. The Red Eyed Tree frog’s feet are also unique, as they secrete a mucus that helps them to stick on trees as they climb. Their feet are also webbed to help them swim though the water. 

The Strawberry dart frog, Oophga Pumilio

The Oophaga pumilio, or the Strawberry poison-dart frog is a small frog found commonly in Costa Rica. This species has a bright red body with a blue underside and is very poisonous due to the insectes it ingests. This makes the frog a highly poisonous frog. The strawberry frog is able to use its poison as a self defense mechanism in the wild. The strawberry dart frog is not the only poison frog found in Costa Rica, there are seven poisonous species in total living in Costa Rica including the Yellow banded poison dart frog, Green and black poison dart frog, the rainbow poison dart frog, Red backed poison dart frog, the Poison Arrow frog, and the Strawberry poison dart frog.      

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